Treaty Provisions on State aid

Core provisions of the Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), formerly called "Treaty establishing the European Community" (EC)


Other relevant provisions


State Aid Modernisation (SAM)

On 8 May 2012, the Commission set out an ambitious State aid reform programme in the Communication on State aid modernisation.

For further information, click here.


Block Exemption Regulation

Council Regulation No 994/98 of 7 May 1998, amended by Council Regulation No 733/2013 of 22 July 2013, enables the Commission to adopt so-called Block Exemption Regulations for State aid. With these regulations, the Commission can declare specific categories of State aid compatible with the Treaty if they fulfil certain conditions, thus exempting them from the requirement of prior notification and Commission approval.

General block exemption Regulation (GBER)

Enabling Regulation

De minimis aid


Rules of Procedure

Procedural Regulation

Implementing Regulation

Recovery notice

Enforcement of State Aid law by national courts


Horizontal Rules

Important objects of Common European Interests

Actions in response to the economic and financial crisis

Aid to disadvantaged and disabled workers

Training aid

Regional aid

Research and Development and Innovation

Environmental and Energy aid

State Aid in the context of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme

Risk Capital

Rescue and restructuring aid

Definition of SMEs


Sector- Specific Rules


Audiovisual production



Coal Industry

Council Decision on State aid to facilitate the closure of uncompetitive coal mines

Council Regulation (EC) No 1407/2002 of 23 July 2002 on State aid to the coal industry
OJ L 205, 2.8.2002, p. 1–8

Electricity (stranded costs)


Guidelines for the examination of State aid to fisheries and aquaculture

The de minimis rules for the fisheries sector(adopted in 2007) state that a limited amount of State aid can be given to fisheries companies (30 000 Euros per company over a period of three fiscal years).

European Fisheries Fund and temporary fleet measures

Postal Services



Synthetic fibres - Motor vehicles industry



Services of General Economic Interest (SGEIs)

Previous Legislation


Specific aid instruments

State Guarantees

Public Land Sales

Export Credit Insurance

The Banking Communication

The application of State aid rules to measures taken in relation to financial institutions in the context of the current global financial crisis

OJ C 270, 25.10.2008, p. 8

The Recapitalisation Communication

The recapitalisation of financial institutions in the current financial crisis: limitation of aid to the minimum necessary and safeguards against undue distortions of competition

OJ C 10, 15.1.2009, p. 2

The Impaired Assets Communication

The Communication from the Commission on the Treatment of Impaired assets in the Community Banking Sector

OJ C 72, 26.3.2009, p. 1